Stay Away from Indoctrination and Dogma

"As a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming;" (Ephesians 4:14 NASB).

Monday, March 2, 2015

ISIS AUMF could give President “Absolute Power” like Hitler


Let me preface this report by declaring that ISIL/ISIS must be defeated, because this terrorist organization presents an immediate threat to the State of Israel, U.S. Iraq Embassy—and can result in a long dragged out war like the United States' involvement in Afghanistan.
The Obama administration’s proposed congressional authorization for the use of military force against ISIS has caused great concern for congressional Democrats and Republicans: both groups seem to hate it (or at least view it with extreme suspicion), albeit for very different reasons. Democrats worry that it gives the Office of the United States President too much discretion to use ground troops and fight an open-ended war. Republicans have the opposite concern, believing that the proposal’s ban on “enduring offensive ground operations” is too restrictive.
The Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF), Publication L. 107-40, codified at 115 Stat. 224 and passed as S.J. Resolution 23 by the United States Congress on September 14, 2001, authorizes the use of United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the attacks on September 11, 2001 (9/11).
The authorization granted the President the authority to use all "necessary and appropriate force" against those whom he determined "planned, authorized, committed or aided" the September 11th attacks, or who harbored said persons or groups. The AUMF was signed by President George W. Bush on September 18, 2001. The AUMF has also been cited by a wide variety of US officials as justification for continuing US military actions all over the world.

Hillary Clinton: 'Failure' to Help Syrian Rebels Led to the Rise of ISIS

President Obama has long ridiculed the idea that the U.S., early in the Syrian civil war, could have shaped the forces fighting the Assad regime, thereby stopping al Qaeda-inspired groups—like the one rampaging across Syria and Iraq today—from seizing control of the rebellion. Well, his former secretary of state, Hillary Rodham Clinton, isn’t buying it. “The failure to help build up a credible fighting force of the people who were the originators of the protests against Assad—there were Islamists, there were secularists, there was everything in the middle—the failure to do that left a big vacuum, which the jihadists have now filled,” Clinton said.

How Effective Are The Attacks On Islamic State Oil Production?

EU must “exert pressure on Iran, Kurdistan and Turkey to stop this trade.”

Jana Hybaskova, the European Union's ambassador to Iraq, said that tankers filled with oil purchased from IS had arrived in European countries and that the EU must “exert pressure on Iran, Kurdistan and Turkey to stop this trade.” The fact that a significant proportion of airstrikes have continued to target oil-related infrastructure underlines the U.S. government’s assessment of the important of oil revenues to the group. As a result of this income, according to Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Vice President Marwan Muasher, the Islamic State has become “the world's wealthiest and most financially sophisticated terrorist organization,” with oil generating the greatest proportion of the Islamic State’s revenue, followed by looting, local taxation, extortion and ransom (AFP, October 23, 2014).

WHY RESTRICT U.S. CITIZENS FROM LEAVING THE COUNTRY?

Would it be better to let U.S. citizens leave the country and fight them on foreign soil—as opposed to arresting them and feuling the creation of "sleeper cells" and "home grown" terrorists amongst their friends and sympathizers?
Harvard academic and law professor Jack Goldsmith argues that the new AUMF proposal doesn’t impose any meaningful limitations on the “Office of the United States President,” because it doesn’t take back the previous Bush administrations claim, and present administration’s claims that the U.S. President can wage war at his own discretion without Congressional approval. Noah Feldman has a similar view. Like Goldsmith, Harvard academic and law professor and Feldman, I am troubled by the administration’s refusal to repudiate extremely dubious claims that it already has the authority to wage war against ISIS under the 2001 AUMF and theories of inherent presidential power.

THE PROPOSED AUMF COULD GIVE THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES PRESIDENT “ABSOLUTE POWER” NOW AND IN 2017 TO TARGET U.S. CITIZENS AND CENSOR “FREE SPEECH” FIRST AMENDMENT RIGHTS.

Notice where PM David Cameron and President Obama are sitting
Retired Marine Corps General John Allen, and Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition at the forefront of the U.S.-led coalition in the fight against ISIS, spoke in front of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to report on the United States’ ability to defeat ISIS.

"BLACKOUT" OF THE INTERNET AND RESTRICTIONS ON SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS

What is extremely alarming is that Marine Corps General John Allen (Retired) said that the proposed administrations AUMF would be used to restrict the use of Social Media (FACEBOOK, TWITTER, LINKEDIN, ETC) and banking not only for supporters of ISIS, but anyone the “Office of the United States President” deemed a threat to the administration’s policies. This means that the administration’s proposed Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) could be used by a future president to "blackout" the internet and declare “martial law.”

THE PROPOSED AUMF WOULD BE USED TO PUT PRESSURE ON SOCIAL MEDIA COMPANIES TO RESTRICT INFORMATION

Retired General John Allen (Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition at the forefront of the U.S.-led coalition in the fight against ISIS), told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that the new AUMF proposal would be used to put pressure on Social Media companies to comply with the administration's policies here and abroad to restrict the flow of information and FREE SPEECH.
Furthermore, General Allen (Retired) said that the proposed new AUMF would be used by the administration to stage its own PROPAGANDA war!
Retired Marine Corps General John Allen is a 1998 Distinguished Graduate of the National War College. He holds a Master of Arts degree in National Security Studies from the JESUITS' Georgetown University that teaches "Just War Theory." The JESUITS specialize in PROPAGANDA, public relations and psychological warfare and have re-written American history to the liking of the Vatican and its foreign partners.

American schools and colleges have been adulterated with JESUIT teaching since the 18th century—and infiltration of schools and universities was the leading cause of the revolt after the signing of the Serbian Concordat during WWI.
JFK's EXECUTIVE ORDERS COULD BE IMPLEMENTED ANYTIME
Between 1961-1963, President John F. Kennedy, signed 214 Executive Orders---most of which granted the Federal Government the right to take control of the countries food, supplies, transportation, etc.
Executive Order Number 12656 appointed the National Security Council as the principal body that should consider emergency powers. This allows the government to increase domestic intelligence and surveillance of U.S. citizens and would restrict the freedom of movement within the United States and grant the government the right to isolate large groups of civilians.
The National Guard could be federalized to seal all borders and take control of U.S. air space and all ports of entry. Here are just a few Executive Orders associated with FEMA that would suspend the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Many of these Executive Orders have been on record for nearly 51 years and could be enacted by the stroke of a Presidential pen:
EXECUTIVE ORDER 10990 allows the government to take over all modes of transportation and control of highways and seaports.
EXECUTIVE ORDER 10995 allows the government to seize and control the communication media.
EXECUTIVE ORDER 10997 allows the government to take over all electrical power, gas, petroleum, fuels and minerals.
EXECUTIVE ORDER 10998 allows the government to take over all food resources and farms.
EXECUTIVE ORDER 11002 designates the Postmaster General to operate a national registration of all persons.
EXECUTIVE ORDER 1130 Grants authority to the Department of Justice to enforce the plans set out in Executive Orders, to institute industrial support, to establish judicial and legislative liaison, to control all aliens, to operate penal and correctional institutions, and to advise and assist the President.
Martial law is defined as: military rule or authority imposed on a civilian population when the civil authorities cannot maintain law and order, as in a time of war or during an emergency. Senator Marco Rubio (R-Florida) is promoting giving the Office of the United States President “Absolute Power,” which would fall into the hands of former Florida Governor Jeb Bush (R), if he becomes the 45th U.S. President in 2017.

Whether a Democrat or Republican becomes president, “Absolute Power” will lead to Despotism and the destruction of the Constitution of the United States for “WE THE PEOPLE!”

Adolf Hitler turned Germany into a Nazi dictatorship through executive orders.

Former Florida Governor and presidential hopeful Jeb Bush (R) and Senator Marco Rubio (R-Florida)
Martial Law was used by governments in the past to enforce their rule over the public. Such incidents may occur after a coup d'état (such as Thailand in 2006 and 2014); when threatened by popular protest (China, Tiananmen Square protests of 1989); to suppress political opposition (Poland in 1981); or to stabilize insurrections or perceived insurrections (Canada, The October Crisis of 1970).

THE VATICAN & TERRORIST PLO BILATERAL AGREEMENT

The Roman Catholic Church seems pleased to have the Obama administration present a new AUMF proposal to Congress. The September 11, 2001 attacks on America took place almost 20 months after the Vatican signed a bilateral agreement with the terrorist Palestine Liberation Organization on Feruary 15, 2000.
NATIONAL CATHOLIC REPORTER Michael Sean Winters, wrote in his article, "Obama's Proposed AUMF on February 12, 2015:
Through much of American history, there were political divides about foreign affairs, starting with the issue of tariffs in the late eighteenth century, extending to the acquisition of more territory in the nineteenth, and America’s flirtation with colonialism after the Spanish-American War. But, after World War II, President Harry Truman and Senator Arthur Vandenberg, Republican from Michigan, (blessings be upon them both!) worked together to forge a common, bipartisan foreign policy, containment, that served this country exceedingly well. In diplomatic history, a good rule of thumb is that any policy which lasts a decade can be viewed as a successful policy. Containment lasted until the fall of the Berlin Wall forty years later, and it largely achieved its twin objectives: preventing a third world war and containing the spread of communism. It also had the useful domestic effect of making isolationism appear as ridiculous as it deserves to appear."
That consensus began to break down in the rice fields of Vietnam. But, since the fall of the Soviet Union, the belief that America must speak with one voice on foreign affairs has only manifested itself in the wake of crises: The Democrats who were reluctant to get involved in Bosnia finally assented only after the depredations of Srebrenica, and virtually all Americans understood that 9/11 demanded a forceful response. But, the devil is in the details and war occasion a lot of details." [†††]

The Vatican knows a lot about instigating crisis and world wars to achieve its Counter-Reformation agenda to align all world powers with one voice under the Pope—starting with Jesuit Father Rale's War (1722-1725); then Father Le Loutre’s War (1749-1755); the American Civil War; WWI and WWII.

NATIONAL CATHOLIC REPORTER continues to echo the persecution of Jews and "silent" denial of the State of Israel's legitimacy by the Vatican. NATIONAL CATHOLIC REPORTER, Michael Sean Winters included in his article: "Obama's Proposed AUMF; "Bibi Netanyahu may pay a stiff price, or so we can hope, for his meddling in the policy divides in Washington, although all Israeli political parties share more than they differ on foreign issues."[†††]
No person is sure when the Rapture will take place, or how the "MARK OF THE BEAST" will be implemented. But Executive Orders 11002 and 11310 could be the method by which the final COUNTERFEIT CHRISTIANITY global religion and final Antichrist (Revelation 13 and 14) will require all people on the earth to receive the "MARK" to buy, sell and live—or be beheaded like those who resist Sharia law and stand up for their true Christian faith and devotion to Christ (Revelation 20:4).
John 3:16-18 • New Living Translation (NLT)
16 “For this is how God loved the world: He gave his one and only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him will not perish but have eternal life. 17 God sent his Son into the world not to judge the world, but to save the world through Him.
18 “There is no judgment against anyone who believes in Him. But anyone who does not believe in Him has already been judged for not believing in God’s one and only Son.

Read the prophecy of the "Mark of the Beast" that will take place after the Rapture (during the Great Tribulation) below...

Revelation 13:16-18 (NLT)
16 "He required everyone—small and great, rich and poor, free and slave—to be given a mark on the right hand or on the forehead. 17 And no one could buy or sell anything without that mark, which was either the name of the beast or the number representing his name. 18 Wisdom is needed here. Let the one with understanding solve the meaning of the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man.[a] His number is 666."[b]
Footnotes:
Revelation a. 13:18 Or of humanity.
Revelation b. 13:18 some manuscripts read 616.

CONSIDER THE RESULTS OF THE IRAQ INQUIRY AND GEORGE W. BUSH AND TONY BLAIR’S PHONE CALLS LEADING UP TO THE IRAQ WAR

The Iraq Inquiry, also referred to as the Chilcot Inquiry after its chairman, Sir John Chilcot,[1][2] is a British public inquiry into the nation's role in the Iraq War. The inquiry was announced on 15 June 2009 by Prime Minister Gordon Brown, with an initial announcement that proceedings would take place in private, a decision which was subsequently reversed after receiving criticism in the media and the House of Commons.[3][4][5]
Former UK PM Tony Blair lives in JERUSALEM as the Special Envoy of the Quartet on the Middle East (Russia, United States, United Nations and European Union), and UN-Vatican sponsored Tony Blair Faith Foundation and Faith and Globalization Initiative (located in the Muslim Quarter of Israel)
The open sessions of the inquiry commenced on 24 November 2009 and concluded on 2 February 2011. In 2012, the government vetoed the release of the documents to the Inquiry detailing minutes of Cabinet meetings in the days leading up to the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Concurrently, the British Foreign Office successfully appealed against a judge's ruling and blocked the disclosure of extracts of a conversation between George W. Bush and Tony Blair moments before the invasion. The government stated that revealing a phone call conversation between Bush and Blair moments before the invasion would later present a "significant danger" to British-American relations.[6]
The 9/11 terrorist attacks on the United States and Iraq War was supposed to be about "Weapons of Mass Destruction" (WMDs). But instead gave the government justification to take away civil liberties and target American citizens and journalists who questioned the "Office of the President of the United States."
THE SAUDI ROYAL HASHEMITE DYNASTY AND ITS VATICAN AND UNITED KINGDOM PARTNER ARE DRAGGING THE U.S. INTO ANOTHER WAR
King Abdullah II of Jordan says that the War on ISIS is not the United States' fight, but he and his Saudi Arabia Hashemite Clan—as well as the British government want the United States to supply weapons and support—which will eventually lead to U.S. "boots on the ground" in the Middle East.
We have been in Afghanistan for 13 years, and still the Sunni Hashemite Dynasty and its Sunni tribes will not take military leadership in Afghanistan or Iraq.
In 1933, the Vatican signed the Reich Concordat with Adolf Hitler and held a birthday party every year for Hitler until the end of WWII.
I REBUKE IN THE NAME OF THE LORD the global military and Freemasonry lodges of the; United Religious, Military, and Masonic Orders of the Temple, and of St. John of Jerusalem, Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta, of England, and the Provinces overseas, founded in 1969 in the Netherlands—as well as the Freemason Royal and Hashemite Order of the Pearl (established in 2011).

BRITISH AND VATICAN PROPAGANDA PROVOKED THE UNITED STATES INTO WORLD WAR I TO ESTABLISH THE NEW HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

Pope Francis left King Abdullah II of Jordan in a military helicopter to visit the occupied territory before heading to Israel on his visit
CARDINAL HENRY EDWARD MANNING (1808–1892) was ordained as an Anglican clergyman. He then converted to Catholicism and became Archbishop of Westminster in 1865, and became a leader of the Oxford Movement. The OXFORD MOVEMENT postulated the Branch Theory, which states that Anglicanism along with Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism form three "branches" of Catholicism. As Archbishop of Westminster England, Cardinal Manning became the de facto spokesman of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.
Cardinal Manning was born at Totteridge, England, the third son of William Manning, a West India merchant and slave trader, who served as a director and (1812–1813) as a governor of the BANK OF ENGLAND and also sat in Parliament for 30 years, representing in the Tory interest Plympton Earle, Lymington, Evesham and Penryn consecutively. Cardinal Henry Edward Manning, in 1874, spoke of the only way to restore the Pope's Temporal Power;
"There is only one solution of the difficulty---a solution, I fear, impending---and that is the terrible scourge of Continental war, a war which will exceed the horrors of any of the wars of the First Empire. And it is my firm conviction that in spite of all obstacles the Vicar of Jesus Christ will be put again in his own rightful place. But that day will not be until his adversaries shall have crushed each other with mutual destruction." --- Tablet, January 24th, 1874.
Charles Frederick Gurney Masterman, PC (1873 –1927) was a British Liberal Party politician and journalist. Masterman was educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Union.[7] Charles Masterman headed the initial establishment of a British government propaganda agency during WWI. The Bureau began its propaganda campaign on 2 September 1914 when Masterman invited 25 leading British authors to Wellington House to discuss ways of best promoting Britain's interests during the war.
Wellington House’s main propaganda work focused on drawing the United States into WWI in Europe. Charles F. Gurney Masterman was a member of the Privy Council, a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign in the United Kingdom—the Head of the Church of England and its colony churches worldwide. His Great-grandfather was William Brodie Gurney... His brother was Howard Masterman, who became the first Anglican Bishop of Plymouth within the CHURCH OF ENGLAND. Gurney's Bank was a well-respected family-run bank founded by members of the Gurney family and headquartered in Norwich, England.
In 1896, Gurney's Bank merged with Backhouse's Bank of Darlington and Barclays Bank of London and several other provincial banks, controlled by Quaker families, to form what is now Barclays Bank.

All world wars have been Holy Wars and the continuation of the bloody Crusades to establish and maintain the global power of the Jesuits, Vatican and Pope.

Abdullah II ibn al-Hussein (born 30 January 1962) is the King of Jordan. He ascended the throne on 7 February 1999 upon the death of his father King Hussein. King Abdullah, whose mother is Princess Muna al-Hussein, is a member of the Hashemite family.

TURKEY AND JORDAN WILL NOT TAKE THE LEAD AGAINST ISIS, SO THE UNITED STATES SHOULD PROVIDE SECONDARY TO THE UNITED KINGDOM AND ITS SUNNI ARAB HASHEMITE DYNASTY PARTNERS

King Abdullah II attended St Edmund's School, Hindhead, Surrey in England, before moving on to Eaglebrook School and Deerfield Academy in Deerfield, Massachusetts. In 1982, King Abdullah II attended Pembroke College at Oxford University where he completed a one-year Special Studies course in Middle Eastern Affairs. In 1987, he attended the JESUIT Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Father Edmund Aloysius Walsh, S.J. was an American JESUIT and Catholic priest, author, professor of geopolitics and founder of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, which he founded in 1919—six years before the U.S. Foreign Service itself existed–and served as its first regent.Abdullah would later serve in the Jordanian forces and became Major General in May 1998. He ascended the throne on 7 February 1999 upon the death of his father King Hussein of Jordan.
The Church of England daughter religion of the Papacy—and its Hashemite Dynasty Sunni partners are using JESUIT “Just War Theory” to drag the United States into WWIII—for world domination and control of the masses!

THE SUNNI SAUDI ARABIA HASHEMITE DYNASTY IS NOT GOING TO SUPPORT IRAQ, BECAUSE 80-90 % OF THE THE IRAQI FORCES ARE SHIA ISLAM.

The administration's proposed Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) will take away civil liberties of FREE SPEECH and FREEDOM OF THE PRESS. The proposed AUMF will give "Absolute Power" to the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Archdiocese of Washington D.C. (the Holy See overseeing all Roman Catholics in America) and metropolitan Holy Sees around the world to control governments, world leaders and their military.
The proposed AUMF takes away the power of our legislators in Congress and the Senate to regulate the office of the president—that's the dangers of the UN-Vatican sponsored Tony Blair Faith Foundation (Yale, Durham University in the UK and University of Singapore and other elite institutions like the JESUITS' Georgetown and Fordham Universities) and UN-Vatican sponsored Faith and Globalization Initiative. WATCH OUT GLOBAL CITIZENS!

Former President George W. Bush signed "REAL ID" into law in 2005.

Martial Law and JFK's Executive Orders can be implemented at anytime, and the prophecies of the Holy Bible and the "MARK OF THE BEAST" (Revelation 13:16-18) cannot be avoided. But at least "WE THE PEOPLE" may have more time to consider the Truth of God's Word over manmade religion and world wars.
DO NOT TAKE THE "MARK OF THE BEAST," read Revelation 13, 14, 17, and 18.
Matthew 24:3-14 (NLT)
3 Later, Jesus sat on the Mount of Olives. His disciples came to him privately and said, “Tell us, when will all this happen? What sign will signal your return and the end of the world?”
4 Jesus told them, “Don’t let anyone mislead you, 5 for many will come in my name, claiming, ‘I am the Messiah.’ They will deceive many. 6 And you will hear of wars and threats of wars, but don’t panic. Yes, these things must take place, but the end won’t follow immediately. 7 Nation will go to war against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in many parts of the world. 8 But all this is only the first of the birth pains, with more to come. 9 “Then you will be arrested, persecuted, and killed. You will be hated all over the world because you are my followers. 10 And many will turn away from me and betray and hate each other. 11 And many false prophets will appear and will deceive many people. 12 Sin will be rampant everywhere, and the love of many will grow cold. 13 But the one who endures to the end will be saved. 14 And the Good News about the Kingdom will be preached throughout the whole world, so that all nations will hear it; and then the end will come.
DON'T BE FOOLED BY THE GLOBALISTS' PROPAGANDA, READ and BELIEVE GOD'S WORD! 

If you have not formally accepted Jesus Christ, please accept the Gift of Salvation by saying this short prayer: "Dear Jesus, I repent of my sins and the original sin of mankind, please come into my heart and change me to trust in you and build my personal relationship with you by studying your word and applying it to my life to the best of my ability. Thank you for dying on the cross for the remission of sin. Thank you for conquering death with your resurrection. I accept you Jesus as my Lord and Savior, please lead me and guide me. Amen!"

If you have said that short prayer, I welcome you to the True Body of Christ (not a sect, Protestant or Catholic denomination or Eastern religion).

Hebrews 10:24-25 (NLT)
24 Let us think of ways to motivate one another to acts of love and good works. 25 And let us not neglect our meeting together, as some people do, but encourage one another, especially now that the day of His return is drawing near.

Please get into a Bible-based church, where the Word of God is taught unadulterated and reject the rituals, religious lies and Tradition(s) and hedonism of men and women.




Godspeed, love and Truth,

Brother David Johnson, XU

P.s. The Counter-Reformation wants to destroy the Holy Bible's Supremacy. The Church of Rome has Counterfeited Christianity since the Council of Nicaea (325 AD). But I have faith in you band of Evangelical Christians and Poor Knight men and women for Christ.

2 Corinthians 11:12-15 (NKJV)

12 But what I do, I will also continue to do, that I may cut off the opportunity from those who desire an opportunity to be regarded just as we are in the things of which they boast. 13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into apostles of Christ. 14 And no wonder! For Satan himself transforms himself into an angel of light. 15 Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also transform themselves into ministers of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works.


Footnotes:
†††. Obama's Proposed AUMF by Michael Sean Winters | Feb. 12, 2015 • NATIONAL CATHOLIC REPORTER — Retrieved March 2, 2015
  1. My alternative to another round of Iraq whitewashing The Guardian, 31 July 2009
  2. Investigate UK abuses in Iraq The Guardian, 14 August 2009
  3. Iraq war inquiry to be in private BBC News, 15 June 2009
  4. UK PM announces Iraq war inquiry Al Jazeera, 15 June 2009
  5. Siddique, Haroon (22 June 2009). "Public Iraq war inquiry 'essential', says chairman". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  6. John Kampfner, Daily Mail, 3 August 2012, Hypocrisy and this insidious culture of secrecy
  7. "Masterman, Charles Frederick Gurney (MSTN892CF)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. Christ's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge, officially comprising the Master and Fellows of the College as well as about 600 students. The college was founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort in 1505, its royal charter granted on May 1 of that year, and was the twelfth of the Cambridge colleges to be founded in its current form. It was originally established as God's House in 1437. The college is renowned for educating some of Cambridge's most famous alumni, including Charles Darwin and John Milton. Margaret Beaufort (usually pronounced: /ˈboʊfərt/, boh-fərt; or /ˈbjuːfərt/, bew-fərt), Countess of Richmond and Derby (31 May 1443 – 29 June 1509), was the mother of King Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England. She was a key figure in the Wars of the Roses and an influential matriarch of the House of Tudor. She founded two prominent Cambridge Colleges; Christ's College in 1505, and St John's College in 1511.

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